Byron Holland is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA). View bio
Next week, CIRA will host a very important event in Ottawa. On February 25, we will host the Canadian Internet Forum (CIF) along with our partners, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the Media Awareness Network (MNet). The CIF is the culmination of four months of dialogue with Canadians about Internet governance the future of the Internet in Canada.
I’ve said it before – Internet governance can seem like be a pretty dry subject, but once you peel the covers back, it is a very rich and interesting topic that affects us all. With the CIF we’ve managed to take the discussions to where Canadians are (we visited six cities and even ran an online discussion forum) and encourage the participants let us know what is important to them.
What did we hear? Canadians are plugged in and knowledgeable about how they use the Internet and the direction they want its development to take. Specifically, topics have included digital economy, literacy, privacy, access to broadband, and many others. You can read the consultation reports here and join the online discussion here.
We’ve lined up a first class panel to discuss these issues, including Jacob Glick from Google, Jim Roche from CANARIE, digital literacy expert Dr. Gerri Sinclair, and IPv6 expert Marc Blanchet from Viagenie. The event will wrap up with Sally Wentworth from the Internet Society, putting Canadian Internet governance into the international context.
Leading Canadian technology visionary Leonard Brody will provide the keynote address. Leonard is an engaging speaker and best-selling author of the bestselling book Everything I Needed to Know About Business…I Learned from a Canadian. He really understands how technology is changing the way we interact with each other, and how that will change business, politics and social interactions in the future.
Most importantly, at the CIF we want to hear from you. This is your opportunity to have your voice heard on the direction the Internet should take in Canada.
The CIF starts at 9 a.m. on February 25 and runs until 5 p.m. Following the CIF, we will host a networking reception. All of this takes place at the Brookstreet Hotel in Ottawa.
The agenda for the CIF is available here. For those who can’t attend in person, the event will be webcast in French and English. Technical details for the webcast are available here, and to register, please visit.
Over the past few weeks, there has been a lot of attention focused on the events in Egypt. What we have been witnessing is truly historic for many reasons, but for those of us in the Internet business, one thing stands out.
In an effort to put an end to the massive protests in Cairo and throughout the country, Egypt shut down the entire Internet for its residents. In hindsight, this act did little to keep people from organizing street protests, but it speaks volumes about the power and potential – either real or perceived – of the Internet as a tool for social change.
This act was widely condemned by governments. Interestingly, the U.S. State Department used Twitter to express their concern.
Last week, a DJ on one of the local radio stations in Ottawa was on air questioning whether the same thing could happen here. In other words, does the Canadian federal government have the power and/or the capacity to shut down the Internet in Canada?
It’s a valid question, and the answer is not as simple as one might think.
In Egypt, the government ordered Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to shut down the Internet. For the most part the ISPs complied, withdrawing more than 3,500 Border Gateway Protocol routes (BGPs. BGP routes are integral to the operation of the Internet, allowing networks to exchange information about how packets of data can be best routed. No BGPs, no transfer of data.
This is not likely possible in a country like Canada. To me, it is unfathomable that all ISPs in Canada (there are hundreds, after all) would comply with an order to shut down the Internet. The government could order them to do so, but it is highly unlikely that all of them – including many multi-national corporations – would comply.
And, there’s always going to be workarounds.
If worse comes to worst, access could be as simple as a long distance dial-up connection to an ISP in another country that hasn’t shut down access. This happened in Egypt. Several European Internet service providers (ISPs) began offering free dial-up service to Egyptians. Short of shutting down the entire telephone system, the government had no way of blocking this traffic. Plus, several foreign journalists were able to use satellite phones to connect to the Internet.
The bottom line? Smart folks (and we know there are plenty on the Internet) will always find work around and gain access to the Internet, even in the most authoritarian, oppressive nations.
It’s important to note that there has been a lot of debate in the U.S. about the development of a so-called Internet kill switch. Legislation has been drafted – in fact, it has passed through the Homeland Security Committee – that would give the President the power to ‘kill’ the Internet to protect U.S. interests from cyber-attack. Currently on hold, the bill is incredibly controversial. Interestingly, the bill’s supporters have yet to provide details about how it would actually work, leading many to believe it won’t.
So, technically yes, it is possible for the government to shut the Internet down. Practically, perhaps not. In Canada, there are so many connections to the Internet, trying to shut it down would be practically, politically and economically unlikely.
Do I think that in a democratic country like Canada that we have to be worried about the government shutting the Internet down? Not likely. If the recent ‘uprising’ over the CRTC’s usage-based billing ruling taught us anything, it’s that Canadians don’t take kindly (nor quietly) when someone gets between them and their Internet.
I’ll leave the discussion about whether or not the government has the authority to do so to another time, though I think that would spark some very interesting debate.